About the Forum:
**Under our present model all our heads of the government be it mayor at local level, Governor at State level or President at National level are mere ceremonial needs of the government without any Executive powers. At local level (city/town), we have in fact no effective or executive head of the government responsible for governance while State & National level we have Chief Ministers & Prime Minister who are elected by the political parties after the election and many a times especially when no political party has a clear majority, there is coalition government and the choice of CM or PM is a virtual hoarse trading between the political parties forming coalition to suit their vested interests. In sharp contrast Presidential system provides for a clear & distinct vote for the people to elect the Executive head of the government at all levels i.e. local, State and National level. It also provides for an independent vote to elect municipal councillor, (city level) MLA at State level & MP at National level who need not belong to the same party as that of the President at national level or Governor at State level. It also provides for direct election of Senators (Upper house) of parliament by the people. This is in sharp contrast to our Rajyasabha where the nominees are selected by party bosses without any participation of the people.
(for more details click on the slide nos. 6-9 in powerpoint presentation)
Presidential system ensures stability of government, unlike our system where we have a plethora of regional/ language/ caste based political parties in most of the states and we have very often coalition governments at State & Central level. These coalition governments consisting of several disparate political parties are formed more often to share loaves & fishes of office and the tenure of governments is uncertain and on many occasions they have collapsed like a pack of cards. (for more details click on the slide nos. 10-29 in powerpoint presentation).
In our present system merit is a secondary criteria and political clout is the main criteria for getting ministerial gaddis. In case of coalition CM or PM are very often helpless and there is a fierce bargaining among the coalition partners for grabbing lucrative (!) portfolios. In a Presidential System as Cabinet is selected from outside the legislature and the legislature being independent is able to provide better check on the Executive i.e. President and his cabinet. (for more details click on slide nos. 30-44 in powerpoint presentation).
In Presidential System there is also freedom available to every member of legislature both at State and National level to vote on any legislation as per his discretion. There is no system of ‘whip’ unlike our system wherein the members of legislature have to abide as per directive of the party and vote accordingly. The anti-defection law has virtually deprived the legislators the freedom to express their freedom on legislative matters and they are rarely bothered to study the pros and cons of legislation. (for more details click on slide nos. 46-50 in powerpoint presentation).
(for more details click on slide nos. 52-77, 105, 109, 110 in powerpoint presentation).
(for more details click on slide nos. 92- 100 in powerpoint presentation).
Our present system of ‘first past the post’ has resulted into a system where a small percentage of swing of votes results into a huge difference in no. of seats won by the parties (for more details click on slide nos. 101-104 in powerpoint presentation).
You may also see Videos on ‘Why India Needs Presidential Democracy’ Part-I covering Stability, Cabinet Formation, Role of Legislature, Impact on Corruption etc.
Part-II covering Promotion of leadership Qualities, Primary Election, Impact of Caste & Creed, Checks & Balances etc.